New Project: Custom 10/22 Target Rifle

Discussion in 'Gunsmithing' started by TINCANBANDIT, Jul 30, 2016.

  1. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    I just started another 10/22 project, this is my third one in a series of projects that mostly involve custom stocks modified from Ruger factory wood stocks

    http://tincanbandit.blogspot.com/2016/03/1022-projects.html

    This one will be mimicking the gun below (from the rimfire central forum)

    [​IMG]

    My plan is to:


    • strip and polish a factory 10/22 Charger receiver and add a KIDD rear tang
    • strip, polish and perform trigger/action job on a factory 10/22 aluminum trigger assembly
    • Perform some accurizing mods to a factory bolt then polish and jewel it
    • polish a factory stainless barrel
    • Add a 50mm scope
    • build a custom thumb-hole stock using a factory beech wood stock as the basis
    and do all of this on a $400 +/- budget

    Here is my 1st blog post, I would post the pictures here individually, but I am lazy and that takes a lot of time :D

    http://tincanbandit.blogspot.com/2016/07/the-1022-target-rifle-project-part-1.html
     
  2. SavageGuy

    SavageGuy Active Member

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    I'll be waiting to see how it turns out!
     

  3. buster40c

    buster40c Well-Known Member

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    That's a good looking rifle.
     
  4. MemphisJim1

    MemphisJim1 New Member

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    Please keep us posted on progress, experiences (good and bad), etc. Sounds like an exciting project.
     
  5. Tommycourt

    Tommycourt Tommycourt

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    TinCan,
    I looked at your website and you have done some remarkable work! Years ago I bought a rough cut Fajen wood stock with a thumb hole hold and used a 40X barrel and action. I didn't realize how much work it took to smooth out the stock and get it to fit it
    for me. I bet I worked on that stock for 6 months and finally when I got it done, I really thought I had something. It was a great bench gun shooter and after about a year or so, a guy gave me an offer I couldn't refuse so I sold it. I commend you on your talent and commitment to building your rifles. I think they are great!!

    Tommy
     
  6. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    Part II

    I perform trigger/action job and polish the aluminum trigger housing

    http://tincanbandit.blogspot.com/2016/08/the-1022-target-rifle-project-part-2.html

    Like all my 10/22s I had planned on giving this gun a full on trigger and action tuning, by polishing the parts and installing a reduced power trigger spring.

    We will also install a KIDD auto bolt release and aftermarket billet aluminum trigger.

    We will finish it up by polishing the whole housing to a bright shine.

    We start by sanding the finish off the aluminum housing

    [​IMG]

    Sandpaper, Dremel, buffer multiple items were used to get the aluminum shiny. I found the aluminum to be quite soft. 220 grit paper would leave deep scratches, I had to stick with 320 and higher grits.

    I wanted to give the interior a serious cleaning, so I removed the safety while I was polishing the housing. To fit it back in I used a cheap trick, I drilled a 1/4" hole in a pencil and used it to hold the spring and plunger in place while I inserted the safety

    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Aug 5, 2016
  7. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    I didn't bother with the top portion of the housing, it will be hidden by the stock, I may go back and polish it more later

    [​IMG]

    Next I performed an action/trigger job by polishing the internal mating surfaces including:
    Hammer strut
    Hammer sear engagement and the top where it engages the bolt
    Trigger sear
    Trigger spring plunger
    Magazine catch
    Magazine catch pocket

    [​IMG]

    I used the 2 1/4 lbs spring (the white one) from the KIDD spring kit

    [​IMG]
     
  8. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    The KIDD trigger spring kit came with multiple weight springs along with a "slave pin" to assist in installing the trigger/sear/dis-connector assembly

    This is an Atomic Arms billet trigger

    [​IMG]

    A little oil and some patience and we have a complete trigger assembly. I checked the trigger pull and inexplicably it came in at around 5 lbs??
    It may be the mixing of old and new parts, I will do some additional investigating to see if I can get it down below 3lbs

    [​IMG]
     
  9. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    http://tincanbandit.blogspot.com/2016/08/the-1022-target-rifle-project-part-3.html

    Part 3 of this build, we are now working on the receiver.

    If you remember, I purchased a new Charger receiver on Gun Broker. It has the standard satin black powder coat finish.


    We will strip the factory powder coating back down to bare aluminum and polish it to a high shine

    We will also perform some machine work to install the KIDD rear tang.

    Before getting to the polishing and machine work we'll tackle an easy task:
    One of my 10/22 cheap tricks I covered in March, was building your own bolt buffers using chain saw fuel line and stainless steel round stock. Since this is a DIY type build I decided to make my own bolt buffer.
    The materials are perfect for this application. The fuel line is made from Tygon which as you would expect is oil (and gas) resistant and designed to remain flexible for years. Stainless steel is......well there is no need to explain stainless steel.

    I ordered up a foot of 1/4"OD x 1/8"ID synthetic Tygon fuel line and two 6" pieces of stainless 1/8" rod. Both pieces were acquired from ebay vendors.

    [​IMG]

    The total outlay was $8 and I can make at least 9 of them, if I am careful with my cutting, which makes the cost of the bolt buffer about a dollar and 5 minutes of time.

    I marked the 1/14" on the rod and inserted it into the tubing

    [​IMG]

    Then cut to length

    [​IMG]
     
  10. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    A test fit showed it to be a tad long

    [​IMG]

    A touch with the belt sander and the fit is flush

    [​IMG]

    Here is my homemade buffer next to one I bought earlier.

    [​IMG]
     
  11. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    To install the KIDD rear tang, we had to machine the back of the receiver and drill a hole for the screw
    [​IMG]

    I did not take pictures of the process, but here is the end result....

    [​IMG]

    The current 10/22 receivers are powder coated, so I needed to remove the powder coating before I could polish the metal.

    Before polishing the receiver I wanted to fit the rear tang to the receiver. The rear tang was designed to match the flat rib on the top of the KIDD receiver.
    Also if you are wondering why the hole is low in the recess, it is to make room for a the cleaning hole that many people put in their receivers (hole is inline with the bore).

    The different contours left a high spot on each side

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
  12. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    A little filing cleaned it up and made the transition in-perceivable to the touch

    [​IMG]

    Now it is time to remove the factory powder coating so we can start polishing


    I am using Aircraft Paint stripper....weird coincidence that the newspaper used is an article on Boeing's 100th anniversary


    [​IMG]

    After scrapping off the old coating with a plastic scraper we can see what the bare metal looks like


    [​IMG]

    A close up, you can see the metal is just "brushed", not very smooth.

    [​IMG]
     
  13. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    Before going too far, I clean out the lettering with a sharp pick, don't want to risk scratching the metal after I polish it.

    [​IMG]

    I found the metal to be REALLY soft. I could not use anything coarser than 320 grit and I could not use hard pressure. Doing so resulted in the metal "balling" up like a snow ball in the sand paper and gouging the metal

    [​IMG]

    Scratches from the metal in the sand paper

    [​IMG]

    After sanding to a 600 grit finish, I installed the scope mount screws to prevent dishing out the holes, plus they are stainless and will polish up nicely.


    [​IMG]
     
  14. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    almost done, I may have to go to the Mother's polish and finish by hand, my polishing compound isn't "gentle" enough to get a perfect shine on the buffer


    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    I decided Ava needed some more color, so I "borrowed" some nail polish from my daughter as well as some non-acetone nail polish remover.

    [​IMG]

    After one application

    [​IMG]
     
  15. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    [​IMG]

    I let the polish dry under the lamp and a while later performed another application


    [​IMG]

    One final finishing touch, I bought a some new stainless button head cap screws to replace the black one that came with the KIDD rear tang


    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
     
  16. VThillman

    VThillman Active Member

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    Y'know, I looked at all those pics and didn't even work up a sweat. This stuff is easy.
     
  17. SavageGuy

    SavageGuy Active Member

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    Looking good! Keep it up!
     
  18. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    The 10/22 Target Rifle Project part 4: The Bolt



    You wouldn't think that there would be much you could do to improve the bolt on a 10/22, but there are a few things. Here is a list of the mods we intend to accomplish:


    • Polish all sides of the bolt
    • Jewel the right side of the bolt
    • De-bur and polish the firing pin, firing pin groove, the extractor and the extractor plunger
    • Pin the firing pin in place to achieve precise/consistent hits on the cartridge rim
    • Finally we will clean the bolt in an ultra-sonic cleaner
    Here is what the bolt looked like before we started. It appears as though someone may have polished it before



    [​IMG]


    You can see where the hammer has been riding against the bolt



    [​IMG]


    The bolt face is dirty, but appears to have been polished before


    [​IMG]
     
  19. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    The head space measured at just under .050", I have read that they typically run about .055" so this one may have been machined, which might explain why it was polished.

    Optimal head space is between .044 and .047. Since this one is close, we will leave it as is for now.

    [​IMG]

    One of the things often done to 10/22 bolts is installing a pin above the firing pin channel to prevent it from lifting up. By forcing the pin to travel in a straight line you end up with more consistent strikes to the rim, which is supposed to result in better precision.



    Most of the aftermarket bolt makers have a pin pre-installed, like this one from JWH Custom (note the red circle)

    [​IMG]

    You may ask why I didn't just buy one of their bolts with these mods already performed. I could have done that and stayed within the budget (it would have impacted our budget by an additional $60 or so), but the point of this built is to do it ourselves. After all, anyone can get out the credit card and buy a custom rifle or buy the parts pre-made.

    The first step was to get the machinist vice clamped down and checked for level, then check to make sure I have the proper clearance to move the vice.
    I left the level in place while drilling to make sure the bolt was not shifting.

    [​IMG]
     
  20. TINCANBANDIT

    TINCANBANDIT Active Member

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    Checking the clearance for the firing pin, we are using a carbide Hi-Roc, straight flute 1/16" drill bit

    [​IMG]

    After drilling I installed the 1/16" x 1/2" long stainless steel roll pin (with the slot facing up, away from the firing pin).

    [​IMG]

    Then I filed the end of the pin flat with the bolt

    [​IMG]